Census 2020

What is a census and why is it important?

Every ten years, the United States Government conducts a census to count the number of people living in the country.  This is mandated by the United States Constitution.  The number of persons and households are counted to provide a basis for reapportioning congressional seats.  It also provides data to the federal government so that more than $675 billion in funding can be distributed to support state, county, city, and local programs - all of which impact housing, transportation, education, employment, health care, and public policy.

Click here to learn more about the basics of the 2020 Census and how the data will be used.


When did the census take place?

Census Day was April 1, 2020.  This was the date when citizens would normally submit their response to the Census Bureau.  Most households received a letter in the mail in mid-March of 2020 inviting them to submit a response on the web or by phone.  Data collection ran thru October 15, 2020.  For households that did not complete the self-response process, census takers visted those homes in person from August 11, 2020 thru October 15, 2020 to collect the needed information. 

The City of Concord encouraged all residents to participate in the 2020 Census.  In this way, Concord will be sure to have a fair and accurate count of the number of persons living in the city, which will help ensure that the community will receive its fair share of funding from the state and federal governments.  Responding to the census using the self-response method (on the internet or by mail) helped the Census Bureau save money and tax-payer resources.

The 2020 Census Questionnaire was very simple.  There were just a couple questions pertaining to the household, such as if the home is owned or rented; and about five questions that pertained to each resident's name, gender, age, and race.

Census Sample Questionnaire

Submitting answers to the 2020 Census was quick, easy, and safe.  It was quick and easy because households submitted their response on the web, by phone, or by paper form.  It was safe since personal information submitted will be confidential and not released to any other agency or to the public.  Only general statistical data aggregated at broad areas will be published.


Self-Response Rate Results

The self-response rate for Concord was very good at 69.3% (60.4% by internet).

Self-response rate for Cabarrus County was 64.4% (55.8% by internet).

Self-response rate for North Carolina was 63.2% (49.4% by internet).

Self-response rate for the United States was 66.8%.


Current Status

The total percent of households counted in this census is 100%.  All households in Concord and persons living in those households have been counted.  The Census Bureau completed their work pertaining to the counts by the end of 2020. 


Census Data Release

Data collected from the 2020 Census will be compiled by the Census Bureau and submitted to the President of the United States by April 30, 2021.  Data will be released according to the following schedule:

By April 30, 2021: The US Census Bureau delivers the apportionment counts to the President. The apportionment count includes the total population living in each state plus military and federal personnel and their families living abroad (allocated to states based upon recorded home state).

September 30, 2021: Release of the redistricting data (Public Law 94-171) from the 2020 Census. This data file will include total and voting age population, population by race and Hispanic origin, and housing unit counts for all geographies down to the census block.  More detailed demographic data files will be released after this date.

Summary File 1:  Summary File 1 (SF 1) contains the data compiled from the questions asked of all people and about every housing unit. Population items include sex, age, race, Hispanic or Latino origin, household relationship, household type, household size, family type, family size, and group quarters. Housing items include occupancy status, vacancy status, and tenure (whether a housing unit is owner-occupied or renter-occupied).  There are 177 population tables (identified with a ‘‘P’’) and 58 housing tables (identified with an ‘‘H’’) shown down to the block level; 82 population tables (identified with a ‘‘PCT’’) and 4 housing tables (identified with an “HCT”) shown down to the census tract level; and 10 population tables (identified with a “PCO”) shown down to the county level, for a total of 331 tables. The SF 1 Urban/Rural Update added 2 PCT tables, increasing the total number to 333 tables. There are 14 population tables and 4 housing tables shown down to the block level and 5 population tables shown down to the census tract level that are repeated by the major race and Hispanic or Latino groups.

State Demographer: The North Carolina State Demographer will evaluate how well the populations for municipalities and counties were estimated for 2010 – 2019 by comparing the 2010 and 2020 Census counts to population estimates.  All models will be adjusted and re-weighted for each municipality and county based upon these evaluations.

The first set of standard and certified population estimates using the 2020 Census counts as a base will be produced by the State Demographer.  Populations will be estimated for July 1, 2020 (three months after the April 1, 2020 Census count).

The first state and county population projections using inputs from the 2020 Census will be produced.